Regulations

Required Equipment

FAR 91.205 lists the required equipment for all flights.

VFR Day

  • Airspeed indicator
  • Altimeter
  • Magnetic direction indicator (compass)
  • Tachometer
  • Oil pressure gauge for each engine using a pressure system
  • Temperature gauge for each liquid cooled engine
  • Oil temperature gauge for each air cooled engine
  • Manifest pressure gauge for each altitude engine
  • Fuel gauge indicating the quantity of fuel in each tank
  • Landing gear position indicator, if retractable.
  • If certified after 1996-03-11, red and white anticollision light system.
  • If over water, and beyond glide distance: approved flotation gear, and at least one flare.
  • Approved safety belt for everyone > 2
  • If made after 1978-07-18, shoulder harness or restraint for each front seat.
    • If made after 1986-12-12, shoulder harness or restarint for allseats.
  • An ELT, as required for 91.207

Or, as a mnemonic (retrieved from Ask A CFI), TOMATOE A FLAMES:

  • Tachometer (for each engine)
  • Oil Pressure Gauge
  • Magnetic Direction Indicator (magnetic compass)
  • Airspeed Indicator
  • Temperature Gauge for each liquid cooled engine
  • Oil Temperature Gauge
  • Emergency equipment (beyond power off gliding distance over water) pyrotechnic signaling device, flotation device
  • Anti-collision Lights
  • Fuel Gauge for each tank
  • Landing gear position indicator
  • Altimeter
  • Manifold Pressure Gauge for each engine
  • Emergency Locator Transmitter
  • Safety Belts and Shoulder Harnesses

VFR Night

mnemonic:

  • Fuses
  • Landing light, if operated for hire
  • Anti-collision light (beacon and/or strobes)
  • Position Lights – Nav Lights (Red on the left, Green on the Right, White facing aft)
  • Source of electricity (battery, generator, alternator)